23 July 2010
Five projects from our studio have been selected to be exhibited as part of AHO contribution to the 6th European Landscape Biennial in Barcelona. The INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION OF UNIVERSITY PROJECTS IN THE SCHOOLS OF ARCHITECTURE AND LANDSCAPE will be celebrated in the Technical School Superior of Architecture of Barcelona, from the 27th of September till the 15th of October of 2010.
See the pdfs here:
> JÆREN RECONNECTED
> A NEW SEASCAPE CARTOGRAPHY / (+doc)
> SOS JÆREN / (+doc)
> AGRICULTURE LEADS THE FLOW / (+doc)
> A JOURNEY ACROSS THE PIXELATED LANDSCAPE / (+doc)
5 July 2010
This project investigates our relationship to the sea. The field of study, Jæren, situated on the coast of Norway is part of the North Sea ecosystem. The project reveales the north sea as one territory, looking at what is influencing this huge ecosystem and what will be the future challenges for the communities residing in this drainage bassin. The project suggests a number of strategies for the North Sea, which all the countries, commnities, will be affected by and have strategies that relate to. Jæren, the municipality of Norways oil capital Stavanger, play an interesting role in this seascape.
The project focuses on man made interventions. The historical research and the reference used to predict future scenarios are all human interventions. The project investigates if it is possible to design not only for people but also the ecosystem and if there exists solutions that benefit both. It is optimistic in the way that it still sees potential in man to continue to form it’s landscape. The scenarios sketched out with the archipelago is intended to illustrate what kind of concequences this kind of thinking could have, but also to problematize this kind of interventions. The question remains open: how will we interfer in the sea in the years to come?
# An article about climate changes in Jaeren, its affect on agriculture (thanks to Anders):
Global warming could have major negative consequences for agriculture and food production. But in Norway and other parts of the northern areas will increase temperatures to extend the growing season could provide greater yields and potential for growing crops that are only harvested at other latitudes. In the five-year project Windsur (Winter survival) has Bioforsk West on Særheim in Klepp, in cooperation with departments on Bioforsk Fureneset in Fjaler and Holt in Tromsø seen in a long telescope. They have particularly focused on how overwintering conditions for branch as timothy and winter wheat will be after 2070. But also considered how climate change might mean for weeds and plant diseases.
Project to 20 million is one of the largest of its kind in Norway now and are mainly funded by the Research Council. The Norwegian experts have also collaborated with colleagues in Canada, Scotland and the Netherlands. Researchers have particularly addressed Jæren, but also created scenarios for Valdres, Nord-Trøndelag, Nordland and Troms. Now the results will be compiled with the aim of publishing. Project Mats Höglind by Bioforsk West on Særheim admits that he has gotten a bit aha experience while working. - This will increase the temperature, the more I have dealt me a long time. But it is only when I sat down and considered what it means for plant growth that I understand what is happening with the climate, "says Mats Höglind.
Höglind and his colleagues have worked with both model and practical experiments. They have been based on geographical downscaled climate scenarios from the Norwegian Meteorological Institute. These are based again on the temperature scenarios from the IPCC. The researchers used data from the period 1971-1990 as the reference and directed his gaze to the period 2071-2100. They have assumed that the average temperature of Jæren then up to three degrees higher. 315 days
Here are some of the key projections:
- The climate in Jæren will look like much on the current conditions along the coast of Belgium today, but be wetter. The growing season in the Sun is increased to 315 days, compared with 234 days on average in 1961-1990. In comparison, the growing season in the Netherlands over the past 15 years has been 290 days on average.
- The increase in the fall can be up to four degrees, compared with 1971-1990.
- First Revolt in Jæren can start in early May. One to two additional tunes and / or such extended grazing season.
- Annual precipitation will increase noticeably. Again, the trick will be greatest in the autumn, with up to 50 millimeters more rain per month.
- 550 ppm CO2 in the air (to 384 ppm today) leads to increased plant growth, but the impact is unlikely to exceed 10 percent under Norwegian conditions.
- Decreased risk of frost damage and ice damage in the fall / winter. Increased risk of frost damage after growth starts.
- Mats Höglind emphasizes that there is considerable uncertainty about how much climate will vary within short periods of time and where extreme fluctuations. This will be important for the opportunities an extended growing season actually provide for increased harvest and larger crops.
Even more autumn rainfall can offer great challenges for many cultures.
(the article is translated with google)
the original article: http://www.aftenbladet.no/energi/klima/950359/Jaeren_kan_faa_belgisk_klima_i_2070.html
# The article about heavy rain in Western Norway:
the picture of Ha river flooded was the one that cought my attention the most.
the text under the picture: The popular salmon river Hå River at Jæren in Rogaland has gone far beyond its shores as a result of the heavy rain washed that have characterized the region over the past day. PHOTO: TOR MARTIN Åsland
the original article: http://www.aftenposten.no/nyheter/iriks/article3383754.ece
10 June 2010
9 June 2010
Movie: Wind Migration
The natural diversity is made up of all the world's life forms and their habitats. This includes biological processes and ecological functions at different levels. Many species and habitats is now in danger of disappearing forever. Physical interventions and changes in land use is considered the main couse. The tendency is desired areas drained and filled, mono-cultured for a better and faster crops to be developed. It allows the bird's natural areas to shrink and changes to quikley for them to be able to adapt.
Some species related to cultivated agriculture return because of changing in farming and a more intensive farming. Suggested at the wrong time is an example. Modern forestry with the removal of old dead trees, and this is negative for some forest living birds, like woodpeckers. Birds can adapt to new areas, but the story in the agricultural landscape shows that the breeding success goes down, the species will be fewer and the number of birds will be less.
Norway has committed itself to halt the loss of biological diversety by 2010. Maby Jæren can be the first step in this direction.